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Why Drug Test?

Why Should A Company Conduct Drug & Alcohol Testing?

There Are Millions of Drug Abusers in the United States

According to the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), approximately:

  • 15.9 million Americans age 12 or older admit to current (in the last 30 days) illicit drug use.
  • 36 million Americans age 12 and older admit to having abused prescription drugs.
  • 12.9 million Americans age 12 and older and 12.4 million adults admit to "heavy" drinking (5 or more drinks on at least 5 or more occasions in the past month).
  • 2.1 million Americans 12 to20 years of age admit to being heavy drinkers.

The Vast Majority of Adult Drug Users Are Employed

According to the government's annual Household Survey on Drug Abuse in America, more than three-quarters (76.4%) of all illicit drug users age 18 and older are employed full or part time…that's approximately 16% of the working population (full- and part-time workers combined).

Drug Users Are Not the Best Employees

The federal government reported that drug abusing employees, when compared to non-using workers, are:

  • More likely to change jobs frequently (turnover).
  • More likely to be late or absent from work.
  • More likely to be less productive employees.
  • More likely to be involved in a workplace accident.
  • More likely to file a workers' compensation claim.

Drug Users Are Unsafe Workers

A study by the US Postal Service found that substance abusers, when compared to their non-substance abusing co-workers, are:

  • Involved in 55% more accidents
  • Sustain 85% more on-the-job injuries

Further, the National Safety Council reports that 80% of those injured in "serious" drug-related accidents at work are not the drug abusing employees but non-using co-workers and others.

Drug Users Are Very Costly to Employers

How much does drug abuse cost employers? The US Navy estimates each drug user costs his or her employer an average of $6,600 more than non-substance abusing co-workers each year.

Employees Favor Drug Testing

According to a Gallup survey, employees typically favor drug testing of workers

  • In safety-sensitive jobs (95%)
  • Office workers (69%)
  • Health care workers (92%)
  • Factory workers (81%)

They even favor drug testing of people in their "own occupations" (78%).

Employers Favor Drug Testing

A survey of business executives underscored the benefits of drug testing from a company's perspective. For example, 77% of the respondents said that since implementing drug testing they were seeing a better caliber of job applicants. A "better public image" was cited by 58%, while 56% said they were experiencing fewer workplace drug problems. Also noteworthy was that 54% had noticed an improvement in employee morale.

Reasons to Test

  • Pre-Employment
  • Reasonable Suspicion/Cause
  • Random
  • Return-to-duty
  • Follow-up
  • Post-accident

Types Of Tests

  • Urine
  • Saliva